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Francis Scott Key (August 1, 1779 – January 11, 1843) was an American lawyer and amateur poet.
In the War of 1812 he witnessed the bombarding of Ft. McHenry and was inspired to write a poem describing the experience. Entitled "The Defence of Fort McHenry", and intended to fit the rhythms of "To Anacreon in Heaven" by composer [a=John Stafford Smith], it has become better known as "The Star Spangled Banner". Under this name, the song was adopted as the American national anthem in 1931.