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Bass player in various black metal bands. He played bass for the US-based black metal band Krieg, until they split up in 2006. In 2004 he played bass for Anael during the "Samhain Celebration Tour", and he appeared on their second full-length release, "On Wings Of Mercy", released in 2005. He was also in the German-based black metal band Seeds Of Hate from 2000 to 2004.