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Played bass guitar for the Erie, PA hardcore band [a=Brother's Keeper] from 1995-2003 and operator of [l=Surprise Attack Records]. Also bass and vocals in central PA band [a=Empty Promises] in 2002-2003. Bass guitar in [a=Smoke and Mirrors] from 2007-2011. Currently just singing for the first time in [a=Human Animal] starting in 2011.
Guest vocals appearances on: [a=Represent], Phases, [a=xDisciplex A.D.], Domestic War, [a=Problem Solver Revolver]
Filled in on bass guitar for: [a=Stretch Arm Strong], [a=Santa Sangre], [a=Coming of the New Messiah], Seven Stitches, & [a=Problem Solver Revolver].