Eddie Barclay

Édouard Ruault

Also known as Barclay, E,Barclay, E. Barclay, E. Barclays, E. Barcley, E.Barclay, E: Barclay, Eddie Barclay And His Orchestra, Eddie Barclay Et Son Grand Orchestre, Eddy Barclay, M. Barclay
This performer (group) in the Internet: http://www.theguardian.com/news/2005/may/16/guardianobituaries.france, http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/22/nyregion/22barclay.html?_r=0, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eddie_Barclay

Discography of Eddie Barclay:

# Release title Total tracks Type of release is Imprint date Label
1 Body And Soul / You Belong To Me 2 Audio Celson
2 Philippe Nicaud Chuchotte, Eddie Barclay Joue 4 Audio 1970 Barclay
3 Je L'Attends 4 Audio 1962 Barclay
4 Hit Parade 57 4 Audio 1957 Barclay
5 Je L'Attends 4 Audio 1962
6 Je L'Attends 4 Audio 2000 Barclay
7 Come Prima 7 Audio 1958 Barclay
8 La Grande Parade Des Grands Orchestres 12 Audio 1982 EMI
9 Eddie Barclay Présente... Surprise Party 10 Audio Riviera (3)
10 Djangology / Michele Blues 2 Audio 1943 Swing (3)
11 Une Boucle Blonde / Joli Chapeau 2 Audio Columbia
12 Danse Parade Vol. 3 16 Audio Surprise Party Barclay
13 Que Sera Sera 4 Audio 1957 Barclay
14 Zampano / (Love Theme From) La Strara 4 Audio 1956 Mercury
15 Eddie Barclay E A Sua Grande Orquestra 4 Audio Barclay

Founder of Barclay Records and the [l=Barclay] label. Born Édouard Ruault, the son of a Parisienne waiter, Barclay grew to become the doyen of the French recording industry. From the early 40's, to his death in 2005 aged 84, he also carved a reputation as a playboy and self-confessed scoundrel with the ladies - marrying no less than nine times.

Self-taught on the piano he gained a taste for the industry as a teenager playing in the bar his parents subsequently ran, opposite the Gare de Lyon, where he befriended [a491799]. He also attended concerts by [a=Stéphane Grappelli] and [a=Django Reinhardt] and played in his first nightspot at [i]Le Club[/i] before the onset of war. After the liberation of France he changed his name to the American-influenced 'Eddie Barclay' and in 1945 was briefly married to Michèle Barraud. His taste in jazz and knowledge of café society held him in good stead when he opened his first discothèque [i]The Barclay[/i] in 1947, also forming a jazz group with his second wife Nicole Vandenbusche (aka Eve Williams) as vocalist. He and Nicole later formed their first label, [l126855], featuring artists such as [a=Eddie Constantine] and [a=Don Byas] initially on 78 rpm issues, which they ran from their home. The couple later founded [i]Jazz Magazine[/i] with editor [a113333] and their work featured in the Blue Star series [l348558]. By 1955 Barclay had gained sound knowledge of LP and 45rpm production techniques after a trip to America, returning with a contract to distribute [l=Mercury] in Europe.

It was from this point in the late 50s that Barclay's reputation in French-issue jazz recordings was founded. He released many discs in the new 'microgroove' format via [l82793]'s studio which became [l330687] and pressing plant at [l407968]. Apart from manufacturing & distributing artists from other labels he also hired [a330757] to record them for the Barclay label. The roster of artists was vast. From [a=Ray Charles], [a=Dizzy Gillespie], [a44133] and [a=Duke Ellington] to the likes of [a=Mireille Mathieu], [a=Dalida] and [a=Jean Ferrat]. He lured [a=Juliette Gréco] and [a=Jaques Brel] from Philips and also signed [a=Léo Ferré] and [a=Charles Aznavour], among many other renowned French artistes. He also transcribed jazz recordings, co-wrote and also scored soundtracks for a number of films.

The Barclay trademark of opulence was his passion for the white suit, his ever-expanding house and estate in Saint-Tropez - a location to which he had been introduced by Bridget Bardot - and his lavish celebrity parties which were the stuff of legend and as much a benefit for the paparazzi as for the guests. Following treatment for throat cancer in 1979 he sold 80% of his Company to [l=Polygram]. His wives were Michèle, Nicole (to whom he was married for 14 years), Marie-Christine Steinberg (By whom he had a son Guillaume), Béatrice (Subsequently the wife of [a880542]), Michele, Daniele, Cathy, Caroline (to whom he was married for 11 years) and his last wife Tiare, whom he married in 2002 on the Tahitian island of Moʻorea. Barclay published his autobiography in 1988. After quadruple heart-bypass surgery in 1994 he suffered a number of infections in April 2005 and was admitted to Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, where he subsequently died.

[b]Born:[/b] 26th January 1921, Paris, France.

[b]Died:[/b] 13th May 2005, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

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